ul. Pomorska 149/153, 90 236 Lodz, Poland 
  telephone: (+48 42) 635 56 93,    fax: (+48 42) 665 51 37

Secretary of Department of Solid State Physics: Justyna Czerwinska (

polish version

Department of Solid State Physics

Faculty of Physics and Applied Informatics 
Faculty of Physics and Applied Informatics
University of Lodz
University of Lodz
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The Lab serves as an introduction to the methods of experimental work. Students typically carry out 3 various experiments during one semester. Each experiment lasts 20-30 hours. 
The available experiments (for the complete list see below) cover various branches of classical physics (mechanics, electromagnetism, optics, statistical physics) and atomic, molecular and solid state physics as well. The topics vary from modern versions of the famous historical experiments (e.g. Millikan or Franck-Hertz experiments) to many typical or important phenomena (e.g. light interference and diffraction, X-ray diffraction, properties of semiconductors, velocity of light).


  • to familiarize students with the observed physical phenomena
  • practical training in experimental techniques
  • practice in analysing and processing experimental data
  • developing information finding skills
  • developing communication skills (writing reports on the experiments)

Students are supposed to work on their own i.e. to plan, prepare, and perform the experiments. They have to analyse their results and finally to present a detailed written report of their work. At each stage of their activity they are helped and supervised by the staff members.

Experiments available in the Physical Laboratory II

1.Coupled and oscillating [alternate current] circuits
2. Oscilloscope
3. Electrostatic field modelling
4. Long transmission line
5. Harmonic analysis
6. Coupled pendulums
7. Photoelectric effect
8. Brownian motion
9. Rayleigh and Jamin interferometers
10. Double refraction
11. Fresnelís formulas [Polarisation of reflected light]
12. Light diffraction
13. Millikan experiment
14. Light coherence
15. Spectrograph
16. Electron charge to mass ratio
17. Kerr and Faraday effect
18. Hall effect
19. X-ray diffraction in crystals
20. Speed of light in the air
21. Franck-Hertz experiment
22. Energy gap in semiconductors